EPHESIANS 4:11-12 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;  For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:



Study Aids 

Translations and Versions

Biblical Culture

Biblical History



Related History



Study Aids

The Companion Bible

By E. W. Bullinger, 1921

How to Enjoy the Bible- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1907

Chronology of the Four Gospels- updated 7/30/17

By Ron Byerly

Synonyms of the New testament

By Richard Chenevix Trench

Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary

By W. E. Vine, 1996

On the Study of Words- eBook

By Richard Trench, 1851


By Robert B. Girdlestone, 1894

Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

By W. E. Vine, 1940

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

By James Orr, 1939

A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament

By E. W. Bullinger, 1887

Aramaic Lexicon and Concordance

The Concordance to the Peshitta Version of the Aramaic New Testament

By Way International, 1985

A Bible Dictionary

By James Austin Bastow, 1859

Light On The Four Gospels From The Sinai Palimpsest- excerpt

By Agnes Smith Lewis, 1913

Young's Analytical Concordance

By Robert Young, 1884

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

By James Strong, 1890

The New Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon

By Joseph Henry Thayer, 1885

The New Englishman's Greek Concordance and Lexicon

By Wigram-Green, 1844

Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

By Moody Press, 1980

Old Testament Word Studies

By William Wilson, 1870

The Westminster Dictionary of the Bible

By John D. Davis, 1944

Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary

By Herbert Lockyer, Sr., 1986

Smith's Bible Dictionary

By William Smith

Asimov's Guide to the Bible

By Isaac Asimov, 1981

The NIV Interlinear Hebrew-English Old Testament

By John R. Kohlenberger III, 1979

Oxford Bible Atlas

By Herbert G. May, 1962

Google Bible Maps

Number in Scripture- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1894

Bible Works for Windows

By Hermeneutika

Pictorial Bible Dictionary

By Merrill C. Tenney, 1963

The New Bible Dictionary

By Tyndale, 1946

Figures of Speech Used in the Bible- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1898


Translations and Versions

The Holy Scriptures According to the Masoretic Text

By The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1917

The Book of Job

By E. W. Bullinger

The Book of the ACTS

By F. F. Bruce

The Net Bible

The Septuagint with Apocrypha: Greek and English

By Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton, 1851

Concordant Literal New Testament with Keyword Concordance

Published by Concordant Publishing Concern, 1926

Interlinear, Greek-English, New Testament

By George Ricker Berry, 1897

The Aramaic New Testament

By The Way International, 1983

Peshitta Aramaic/English Interlinear of the New Testament

By Paul D. Younan, 2000

A Non-Ecclesiastical New Testament

By Frank Daniels

Lamsa Aramaic Old Testament

Lamsa Aramaic New Testament

Younan Aramaic New Testament- @

Murdock Aramaic New Testament- @

Etheridge Aramaic New Testament- @

Galatians in Aramaic

By Andrew Gabriel Roth

The Four Gospels- excerpt

By Charles Cutler Torrey,  1933

A Translation of John's Gospel from the Greek

By Anthony Buzzard


By William Mitchell Ramsay


By William Mitchell Ramsay

Epistle of St. James- eBook

By Joseph B. Mayor, 1910

I saw a new Earth- excerpt

By Paul S. Minear, 1968


Biblical Culture

Life in Biblical Israel- eBook

By Philip King and Lawrence Stager, 2001

Everyday Life in New testament Times- excerpt

By A. C. Boquet, 1953

The Holy Land- excerpt

By William Hepworth Dixon, 1865

Temple and Community in Qumran and the New Testament- excerpt

By Bertil Gartner, 1965

Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era, Vol. I- excerpt

By George Foot Moore, 1927

Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era, Vol. II- excerpt

By George Foot Moore, 1927

Studies in Pharisaism and the Gospels, First Series- eBook- excerpt

By I. Abrahams, 1917

Studies in Pharisaism and the Gospels, Second Series- eBook

By I. Abrahams, 1924

Light From The Ancient Past- excerpt

By Jack Finegan, 1946

The church in the Roman empire before A.D. 170- excerpt

By Sir William Mitchell Ramsay, 1893

St. Paul and the Roman Law- excerpt

By W. E. Ball, 1901

The Prosecution of Jesus

By Richard Wellington Husband, 1916

The Hebrew Passover- excerpt

By J. B. Segal

The Apostolic and Post-Apostolic Times- excerpt

By Gotthard Victor Lechler, 1886

The Trial of Jesus Christ- excerpt

By Frank J. Powell, 1954

Judaistic Christianity- excerpt

By Fenton John Anthony Hort, 1894

Jerusalem in the time of Jesus- excerpt

By Joachim Jeremias, 1962

Jesus Through Middle Eastern Eyes- excerpt

By Kenneth E. Bailey, 2008

The Temple—Its Ministry and Services

By Alfred Edersheim, 1874

Sketches of Jewish Social Life- eBook

by Alfred Edersheim, 1876

The Holy Land and the Bible

By Cunningham Geikie, 1887

The Environment of Early Christianity- eBook

By Samuel Angus, 1914

Eastern Customs in Bible Lands- excerpt

By H. B. Tristram, LL.D., D.D.,  F.R.S., 1894

Gospel Light

By Dr. George M. Lamsa, 1939

Manners and Customs of the Bible- eBook

By James M. Freeman, 1972

Orientalisms of the Bible- excerpt

By Bishop K. C. Pillai, 1969

Strange Scriptures that Perplex the Western Mind- excerpt

By Barbara M. Bowen, 1944

The Scrolls and Christian Origins- excerpt

By Matthew Black, 1961

Second Thoughts on the Dead Sea Scrolls- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce, 1956

Israel's Religious Development- excerpt

By Frederic Breading Oxtoby, 1932

The Land and the Book- excerpt

By W. M. Thomson, D. D., 1910

Innocents Abroad

By Mark Twain, 1867

Light from the Ancient East- excerpt

By Adolf Deissmann, 1922

The Syrian Christ- excerpt

By Abraham Mitrie Rihbany, 1916


Biblical History

The Heart of Hebrew History- excerpt

By H. I. Hester, 1962

Why Four Gospels?- excerpt

By David Alan Black, 2010

Origins of the Synoptic Gospels- excerpt

By Ned B. Stonehouse, 1963

The Clementine Gospel Tradition- excerpt

By Dennis Barton, 2014

Before Jerusalem Fell- excerpt

By Kenneth L. Gentry Jr., 1989

Redating the New Testament- excerpt

By John A. T. Robinson, 1976

Invitation to the Septuagint- excerpt

By Karen H. Jobes and Moises Silva, 2000

The Birth of the New Testament- excerpt

By Charles Francis Digby Moule, 1962

The First Bible- excerpt

By Claude Reignier Conder, 1817

New Discoveries in Babylonia about Genesis- excerpt

By P. J. Wiseman, 1936

The Old Testament prophets-men spake from God

By H. L. Ellison, 2007

Internal Evidences of the Genuineness of the Gospels- excerpt

By Andrews Norton, 1890

Church History

By Eusebius Pamphilius, 324 A.D.

Muratorian Canon, 170- 210 A.D.- eBook

The Books and the Parchments- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce, 1950

The Story of the Bible- excerpt

By Sir Frederic Kenyon, 1936 (updated 1966)

The Influence of Greek Ideas on Christianity- excerpt

By Edwin Hatch, 1957

The Aramaic Origin of the Fourth Gospel- excerpt

By C.F. Burney, 1922


Commentaries - on Books and Epistles

The Riddle of the New Testament

By Sir Edwyn Hoskyns and Noel Davey, 1931

The Hebrew Literary Genius

By Duncan Black MacDonald, 1933

Inspiration and Revelation in the Old Testament- excerpt

By H. Wheeler Robinson, 1946

A Guide to the Gospels- excerpt

By W. Graham Scroggie

The Epistle of Priesthood- excerpt

By Alexander Nairne, 1913


By L. Gaussen, 1841

The Distinctive Ideas of the Old Testament- excerpt

By Norman H. Snaith, 1944

Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul- excerpt

By Richard B. Hays, 1989

The Book of Job- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1903

Quotations in the New Testament- excerpt

By Crawford Howell Toy, 1884

The Parousia- excerpt

By James Stuart Russell, 1878

Concordant Commentary on the New Testament- excerpt

By A. E. Knoch, 1968

A Commentary on the New Testament

By John Lightfoot, 1658

A Practical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. Matthew- excerpt

By James Morison, 1899

A Practical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. Mark- excerpt

By James Morison, 1882

A Critical & Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel according to Luke- except

By Alfred Plummer, 1898

Commentary on John's Gospel- excerpt

By Frederic Louis Godet, 1886

The Fourth Gospel- excerpt

By Sir Edwyn Hoskyns

The Gospel of John- eBook

By F. F. Bruce, 1994

An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts- excerpt

By Matthew Black, 1966

The Credibility of the Book of the Acts of the Apostles- excerpt

By Frederic Henry Chase, 1902

The Book of the ACTS- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce

The Composition and Date of Acts- excerpt

By Charles Cutler Torrey,  1916

Earlier Epistles of Paul- excerpt

By Kirsopp Lake, 1911

Word Biblical Commentary on Romans- excerpt

By James D. G. Dunn, 1988

An Exposition of St Paul's Epistle to the Romans

By F. W. Benecke, 1854

A Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans- excerpt

By James Morison, D. D., 1866

Exposition of the Ninth Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans- excerpt

By James Morison, D. D., 1888

The Obedience of Faith- excerpt

By Paul S. Minear, 1971

Great Cloud of Witnesses- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1911

The Epistle to the Hebrews- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce, 1964

The Epistle to the Hebrews- excerpt

By William Manson, 1949

Epistle of St. James- excerpt

By Joseph B. Mayor, 1910

Revelation- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger, 1909

I saw a new Earth- excerpt

By Paul S. Minear, 1968


Commentaries - on Individuals

Killing Jesus

By Bill O'Reilly & Martin Dugard, 2013

Paul and Palestinian Judaism- excerpt

By E. P. Sanders, 1977

John the Baptist- eBook

By Henry Robert Reynolds, 1874

The Teaching of Jesus

By George Jackson, 1903

The Founder of Christianity

By C. H. Dodd, 1970

Life of Christ- excerpt

By Giovanni Papini, 1925

Peter: Prince of Apostles- excerpt

By F. J. Foakes-Jackson, 1927

Jesus-Jeshua- excerpt

By Gustaf Dalman, 1929

Jesus the Messiah- excerpt

By Alfred Edersheim, 1898

The Life and Times of Elijah

By C. H. Mackintosh

The Life of Christ- excerpt

By Frederic W. Farrar, 1874

Jesus, Paul and the Law- excerpt

By James D. G. Dunn, 1990

Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

By  Alfred Edersheim, 1883

Who Is Jesus? A Plea for a Return to Belief in Jesus, the Messiah- eBook

 By Anthony F. Buzzard, MA (Oxon.), MA Th., 1998

Jesus Christ is Not GOD- excerpt

By Victor Paul Wierwille, 1975

Jesus Christ Our Promised Seed- excerpt

By Victor Paul Wierwille, 1982

Jesus Christ Our Passover- excerpt

By Victor Paul Wierwille, 1980

The Church of St. James- excerpt

By J. B. Cartwright, 1841

St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen- excerpt

By Sir William Mitchell Ramsay, 1895

Paul: Apostle of the Heart Set Free- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce, 1977

Paul and Jerusalem

By F. F. Bruce, 1966

The Life and Epistles of Apostle Paul- excerpt

By Conybeare and Howson, 1869

The Testimony of the Lord's Prisoner- excerpt

By Charles Welch, 1931

Paul and His Epistles- excerpt

By Doremys Almy Hayes, 1915

The Life of Paul- excerpt

By Benjamin Willard Robinson, 1918

Apostle of the Reconciliation- excerpt

By Charles H. Welch, 1923

The Teachings of the Apostle Paul, The Way of Salvation- excerpt

By S. Van Mierlo, 1993

Noah's Three Sons

By Arthur C Custance

The Prophets- excerpt

By Abraham J. Heschel, 1955


Commentaries - on Topics

Was Christ Born in Bethlehem?- excerpt

Sir William Ramsay, 1898

Tradition Old and New- excerpt

F. F. Bruce, 1970

The Body

By John A. T. Robinson, 1952

Studies in Sin and Atonement- excerpt

By A, Buchler, 1967

The Destiny of the Human Race- eBook

By Henry Dunn, 1872

Struggle for Eternal Life- eBook

By E. Petavel, 1875

Life in Christ- eBook

By Edward White, 1876

The Perishing Soul

By J. M. Denniston, 1870

Eternal Hope

By Frederick W. Farrar, 1877

The Old Testament and the Future Life- excerpt

By Edmund F. Sutcliffe, 1947

Evolution or Creation

By Arthur C. Custance

Genesis and Early Man

By Arthur C. Custance

The Bible and the Greeks

By C. H. Dodd, 1935

Mercy and Judgment- eBook

By Frederick W. Farrar, 1882

The Early Days of Christianity- excerpt

By Frederic W. Farrar, 1891

Man is Not Alone- excerpt

By Abraham Joshua Heschel, 1951

Fallen Angels- excerpt

By Bernard J. Bamberger, 1952

The Fall of Jerusalem

By Dean Milman, 1870

Pagan and Christian Creeds: Their Origin and Meaning- eBook

By Edward Carpenter, 1920

Observations on Various  Passages of Scripture- eBook

By Thomas Harmer, 1816

The Christian Ecclesia- excerpt

By Fenton John Anthony Hort, 1897

Notes on the Parables- eBook

By R. C. Trench, 1902

Palestine Calling- excerpt

By W. M. Christie, 1930's

The Risen Master- eBook

By Henry Latham, 1901

The Interpretation of the Bible- excerpt

Edited by C. W. Dugmore, 1944

The New Temple- excerpt

By Alan Cole, 1950

The Study of the Types- excerpt

By Ada R. Habershon

The Rise of Christianity- excerpt

By W. H. C. Frend, 1984

The Beginnings of Christianity- excerpt

By Paul Wernle, 1903

The Christian Ecclesia- eBook

By Fenton John Anthony Hort, 1897

The Voyage and Shipwreck of St. Paul- eBook

By James Smith, 1856

Pastor Pastorum- the Schooling of the Apostles by our Lord- excerpt

By Rev. Henry Latham, 1890

Unpacking Justification- eBook

By Michael W. Pahl

The Spreading Flame- excerpt

By F. F. Bruce, 1958

The Jewish and the Christian Messiah- excerpt

By Vincent Henry Stanton, M. A., 1886

The Virgin Birth and the Incarnation

By Arthur C Custance

The Problem of Pain- excerpt

By C. S. Lewis, 1940

Consider What I Say and Harden Not Your Hearts -©

By Mark Van Doren, Description

All Truth- excerpt

By J. Eustace Mills, 1934

History of the Sabbath and First Day of the Week- excerpt

By J. N. Andrews and L. R. Conradi, 1912

History of Dogma- excerpt

By Adolf Harnack

From Pentecost to Prison- excerpt

By Charles H. Welch, 1956

The First Century of Christianity- excerpt

By Homersham Cox, 1886

Without Form and Void- excerpt

By Arthur C Custance

Christendom Astray

By Robert Roberts, 1905

The Silences of God

By Arthur C. Custance, 1971

The Silence of God

By Sir Robert Anderson, 1899

Things to Come, 1894 to 1915- excerpt

By E. W. Bullinger

Dispensational Truth

By Charles H. Welch, 1912

The Seduction Of Christianity- excerpt

By Dave Hunt and T. A. McMahon, 1960

Witness of the Stars

By E. W. Bullinger, 1893

The Foundations of Dispensational Truth- excerpt

Scripture Index

By E. W. Bullinger, 1911

Scriptural Coincidences- excerpt

Scripture Index

By J. J. Blunt, 1847

Word Studies of the Holy Spirit

By E. W. Bullinger, 1905

Are the Dead Alive Now?- excerpt

By Victor Paul Wierwille, 1971

Just and the Justifier- excerpt

By Charles H. Welch, 1948

This Prophecy- excerpt

By Charles H Welch, 1939

The Challenging Counterfeit

By Raphael Gasson, 1966

The Doctrine of the Trinity, Christianity's Self-Inflicted Wound- excerpt

By Anthony F. Buzzard and Charles F. Hunting, 1994

The Myth of the Six Million

Anonymous, 1968

The Unity of the Bible- excerpt

By H. H. Rowley, 1953

The Shape of Biblical Language- excerpt

By John Breck, 1994

Sexual Ethics...A Biblical Perspective ©    

By  K. Kent Miller, Roxana L. Miller and Mark A Van Doren, 1995

 The Two Natures in the Child of God

By E.W. Bullinger, 1905

  Death No Gateway To Heaven

By Willard Smith

Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity- eBook

By Walter Bauer, 1934

The Jerome Biblical Commentary

The One Volume Bible Commentary

By J. R. Dummelow, 1908



E.W. Bullinger:  A Biography- excerpt

By Juanita S. Carey, 1988


Related History

The Devil's Horsemen- excerpt

By James Chambers, 1979

The Rise and Fall of the Judean State- excerpt

By Solomon Zeitlin, 1962

The Jews of Ancient Rome- excerpt

By Harry J. Leon, 1960

The New Testament Era- excerpt

By Bo Reicke, 1964

The Church in the New Testament Period- excerpt

By Adolf Schlatter, 1955

History of Christian Theology in the Apostolic Age- eBook

By Edward Reuss, 1872

A Practical View of Christianity

By William Wilberforce

The Meditations of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus- eBook

Translated by George Long

Seekers After God- excerpt

By F. W. Farrar, 1877

Digging Up Jerusalem- excerpt

By Kathleen M. Kenyon, 1974

The Didache- excerpt

By Aaron Milavec, 2003

A Sketch of the History of the Apostolic Church

By Oliver J. Thatcher, 1898

The Aleppo Codex- eBook

By Matti Friedman, 2012

The Serpent and the Dove- excerpt

By Samuel Laeuchli, 1966

History of the Planting and Training of the Christian Church by the Apostles- excerpt

By Augustus Neander, 1847

The Fall of Jerusalem- excerpt

By S. G. F. Brandon, 1951

Early Christianity Outside the Roman Empire- excerpt

By F. Crawford Burkitt, 1899

The Religious Thought of the Greeks-excerpt

By Clifford Herschel Moore, 1925

Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds- excerpt

By Charles Mackay, 1848

The Church of the First Three Centuries- excerpt

By Alvan Lamson, 1873

A History of The Jewish People in the time of Jesus Christ, 5 vols.- excerpt

By Emil Schurer, 1890

The Mission and Expansion of Christianity in the First Three Centuries

By Adolf Harnack, 1908

The Church in Rome in the First Century

By George Edmundson, 1913

The Apostolic Fathers

By J.B. Lightfoot, J.R. Harmer and Michael W. Holmes, 1891

The Ecclesiastical History of the English People- excerpt

By Bede, 731

Babylon Mystery Religion- excerpt

By Ralph Woodrow, 1966

How the Irish Saved Civilization- excerpt

By Thomas Cahill, 1995

The Great Christian Revolution- excerpt

By Otto Scott, 1994

The Christian History of the American Revolution- excerpt

By Verna M. Hall, 1975

The Christian History of the Constitution of the United States- excerpt

By Verna M. Hall, 1966

History of Protestantism

Dr. J. A. Wylie LL.D., 1878

The Thirteenth Tribe

By Arthur Koestler, 1976

Lectures on the History of the Eastern Church- excerpt

By Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, 1894

The Chronicle of Arbela

Translated by Peter Kawerau, 1985

English Translation by Timothy Kroll

The Works of Flavius Josephus

Translated by William Whiston

The Survival of the Pagan Gods- excerpt

By Jean Seznec, 1953